Type 1 diabetes

Zach Herndon / WFIU/WTIU News

Insulin is not a new drug, but even though it’s been around for nearly a century, its price continues to climb.

People with Type 1 Diabetes have to take it to regulate their blood sugar.

But a recent study from Yale shows as many as a quarter of people who need insulin ration it because it’s too expensive.

Here's How An iPhone Helps One Teen (And His Mom) Manage Diabetes

Nov 18, 2015

Blake Atkins gets a lot of texts from his mother when he's at school. But unlike most teenagers, this 16-year-old doesn't seem to mind.

That's because four years ago, Atkins was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. And now, his mother, Lori, has a way to find out and let him know when his blood sugar levels are out of the normal range.

"I do like that my mom can look at my numbers," says Blake, from San Carlos, Calif. "It keeps me sane. It helps keep her sane."

Alice Martina Smith and her service dog, Asti.
Sandy Roob

 

Dogs interpret their surroundings mostly by smell, while we humans get most of our information through sight. And it’s no wonder: our canine companions have 300 million scent glands compared to our five million. That keen sense of smell is being used to train canines to detect glucose levels and save lives. If you’re an insulin dependent- type one diabetic, you may be able to improve your health by working with a diabetes alert dog.

Here's more evidence that for people with Type 1 diabetes, strict blood sugar control matters – in this case, it actually reduces the risk of early death. But another study reveals the grim reality: Those with the condition still die about a decade sooner than those without.

Jill Brown/Flickr.com

Treating Type 1 Diabetes isn't as simple as it seems. One common misconception: Your body has low insulin levels, which means you just need to fill up on more insulin, right? Not really.

Melissa J/Flickr.com

Although most people with diabetes have Type 2, most of the kids I treat have Type 1. 

And this week, after spending the majority of my time explaining why carbohydrates are not evil and how they didn’t cause the Type 1 diabetes in the first place, I was reminded of how little information about Type 1 diabetes is out there for families.  

Other than sharing the same name and resulting in high blood sugar levels, comparing Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes would be like comparing a raspberry to a grapefruit—they are both fruits, and that’s about it.