The Flint Water Crisis: Best Reporting
The outcry over the public health crisis in Flint, Michigan, has intensified in recent weeks, with President Obama promising $80 million in water infrastructure money and the head of the Environmental Protection Agency's Midwest region resigning. But the problem has been brewing for years. Here is some of the best reporting we've seen on the failures that led up to Flint's water crisis.
Beginning in 2011, with Michigan's takeover of Flint's budget, this timeline is a helpful guide to how the crisis developed.
More: Flint's water crisis, explained in three minutes (Video)
Gov. Rick Snyder announced his plan to deal with Flint's water issue last October, but emails reveal the EPA warned officials about lead more than seven months earlier. The documents show that the EPA had found "actual evidence that the water is leaching contaminants from the biofilms."
Chemical testing could have predicted Flint's water crisis, Detroit Free Press
Corrosion controls could have prevented the water crisis in Flint, and chemical testing might have predicted their necessity, according to Marc Edwards 2013 a Virginia Tech professor who led the Flint water study. How much would the corrosion controls have cost the city? One report said it would be $140 a day, or $50,000 a year.
EPA stayed silent on Flint's tainted water, The Detroit News
The EPA knew about Flint's lack of corrosion controls as early as April 2015, but when it came to making the findings public, former regional administrator Susan Hedman said her hands were tied. "The answer kept coming back from [state officials] that 'no, we are not going to make a decision until after we see more testing results'," Hedman told the Detroit News.
State's handling of Flint water samples delayed action, Detroit Free Press
Action could have been taken sooner in the Flint water crisis 2014 if two water samples with high lead levels weren't disqualified. "The move changed the overall lead level results to acceptable from unacceptable," the Free Press reported.
Documents show Flint filed false reports about testing for lead in water, The Flint Journal-MLive
The EPA requires that cities test water for lead at "high-risk locations" when possible to ensure water is safe to drink. In the early months of 2015, Flint officials filed certified documents claiming they only tested tap water at homes "where residents were at the highest risk of lead poisoning." Those claims were false.
As Water Problems Grew, Officials Belittled Complaints from Flint, The New York Times
During his State of the State address, Gov. Snyder promised to release all of his emails from the last two years regarding the Flint crisis. The emails, made public Wednesday, show state officials who at times were dismissive of the crisis, and others who turned complaints from residents into "a game of "political football."
ProPublica is a Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative newsroom. Sign up for their newsletter.